ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Erciyes Medical Journal Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Pregnancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2022; 44(4): 405-410 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2022.40035

Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Pregnancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Fatma Yıldırım1, Nevin Günaydın2, Mevlüde Alpaslan Arar3
1Department of Gynecology and Obstetric Nursing, Hitit University Faculty of Health Sciences, Çorum, Türkiye
2Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Ordu University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ordu, Türkiye
3Department of Gynecology and Obstetric Nursing, Ordu University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ordu, Türkiye

Objective: This study aims to determine the depression, anxiety and stress in pregnant women during the 2019 Coron-avirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
Materials and Methods: The sample of this descriptive study consisted of 203 pregnant women reached over online between May 15 and June 1, 2020. To collect data in the study, the ‘Personal Information Form’, ‘COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Information Form’ and ‘Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21)’ were used.
Results: In our study, it was determined that 81.7% of the pregnant women experienced anxiety, 56.1% depression and 24.1% stress, according to the median values obtained from DASS-21. The median values of anxiety and stress of unem-ployed women were higher than those of working women and the difference between them was statistically significant (p=0.011; p=0.023). The differences between social media use (p=0.044; p=0.048; p=0.015), thinking that they are positive for COVID-19 (p=0.009; p=0.014; p=0.001), thoughts about the end of the COVID-19 pandemic (p=0.001; p=0.001; p=0.001), worrying about their own health and the fetus (p=0.001; p=0.001; p=0.001), and experiencing ab-normal physical symptoms (p=0.001; p=0.001; p=0.001) had statistically significant effects on the anxiety, depression and stress subscale median values of pregnant women.
Conclusion: Pregnant women were found to experience depression and anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is con-sidered that knowing the negative psychosocial reactions experienced by pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic and taking protective measures will contribute to improving the health outcomes of the mother and the fetus.

Keywords: Mental health, pregnancy, depression, anxiety, stress, COVID-19.

Fatma Yıldırım, Nevin Günaydın, Mevlüde Alpaslan Arar. Determination of Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Pregnancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Erciyes Med J. 2022; 44(4): 405-410

Corresponding Author: Fatma Yıldırım, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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