Lung transplantation significantly improves the quality of life and survival in end-stage lung diseases. Successful lung transplantation has been performed only for 35 years. Despite the increase in the number of lung transplants in recent years, the difference between potential recipient candidates and the number of lung transplants increases further. In Turkey, which has significant experience in other solid-organ transplantations, lung transplantation has only been routinely applied in the last decade. In this review, the history of lung transplantation in Turkey, current situation, and prospects will be discussed.Keywords: Donors, Organ donation, Lung transplantation.