Background: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a clinical entity characterized by clinical symptoms specific to high parathyroid hormone (PTH) and hypercalcemia. Patients are generally asymptomatic, and high calcium levels are detected by biochemical tests. We present a case of a patient with a rare vascular complication of hyperparathyroidism.
Case Report: In our 58-year-old male patient, a high calcium level was attributed to PHPT. The iliac artery aneurysm detected in our patient was evaluated as a complication of an elevated PTH level. No risk factors for IAA were detected in the patients history. Surgery was performed for the iliac artery, followed by parathyroidectomy.
Conclusion: In this case report, a PHPT case without a risk factor for IAA is presented. This case demonstrates the relation between higher PTH levels and vascular damage. This case presented with the absence of advanced-stage iliac artery aneurism with PHPT coexistence.