ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Volume : 43 Issue : 5 Year : 2021
The Relationship Between Diet Quality of Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and Nutritional Status and Biochemical Parameters [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(5): 458-464 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2021.75133

The Relationship Between Diet Quality of Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and Nutritional Status and Biochemical Parameters

Gülsüm Şahin Bodur1, Alev Keser1, Zeynep Sıklar2, Merih Berberoğlu2
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Objective: Studies have shown that adolescents with type 1 diabetes do not have adequate diet quality and are, therefore, at risk for macro/microcomplications and growth retardation. This study aims to determine the diet quality of adolescents with type 1 diabetes and evaluate the relationship between diet quality and nutritional status as well as biochemical parameters.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study consisted of adolescents (10–19 years old) with type 1 diabetes. The questionnaire administered to the participants is composed of sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical data. Furthermore, the food consumption status of the participants was determined by a 3-day food consumption record. HEI-2010 score calculated and adolescents are classified according to their diet quality.
Results: The majority of the adolescents with type 1 diabetes who participated in the study were found to have needs improvement diet quality. However, very few participants were with good diet quality. A weak and negative relationship between exist diet quality scores of the male participants and their waist circumferences and HbA1c (p<0.05) values.
Conclusion: Diet quality has been thought to have an important role in the medical nutrition treatment of type 1 diabetes which is related to blood glucose control and blood lipid profile nutritional status. Therefore, the diet quality of adolescents with type 1 diabetes should be increased.

Keywords: Adolescents, anthropometric measures, diet quality, lipid profile, type 1 diabetes.

Gülsüm Şahin Bodur, Alev Keser, Zeynep Sıklar, Merih Berberoğlu. The Relationship Between Diet Quality of Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes and Nutritional Status and Biochemical Parameters. Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(5): 458-464

Corresponding Author: Gülsüm Şahin Bodur, Türkiye
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