ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Volume : 43 Issue : 4 Year : 2021
Anxiety and Loneliness Levels of Quarantined Citizens Who Brought from Abroad: An Example from Turkey [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(4): 385-392 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2020.67424

Anxiety and Loneliness Levels of Quarantined Citizens Who Brought from Abroad: An Example from Turkey

Erkut Etçioğlu1, Abdülkadir Aydın1, Feride Özen1, Elif Köse2, Muhammet Raşit Aydın3, Gürkan Muratdağı1, Oğuzhan Kılınçel4, Şenay Kılınçel5, Hasan Çetin Ekerbiçer2
1Department of Family Medicine, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey
2Department of Public Health, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey
3Department of Family Medicine, Karayazı State Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey
4Department of Psychiatry, Sakarya Yenikent State Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey
5Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Sakarya Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Institute, Sakarya, Turkey

Objective: The quarantine process implemented to prevent the spread of infection during the coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic may negatively affect individuals. We aimed to evaluate the anxiety and loneliness levels of the quarantined individuals and determine the related factors.
Materials and Methods: Two hundred ninety individuals who were brought to Turkey from abroad in May 2020, quarantined in Sakarya province, participated in our descriptive cross-sectional study. The loneliness and anxiety levels, along with the effects of the quarantine process, were evaluated. The sociodemographic information form prepared, Loneliness Scale (UCLA), State Anxiety Scale (STAI-1), and Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI-2), were used to collect data.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 35.32±9.86 years and 79.7% were male. Participants who stated that they had a mental illness before the pandemic and those who reported that they needed a mental health professional during the pandemic scored significantly higher in the UCLA, STAI-1, and STAI-2 scales compared to others. The UCLA and STAI-2 scores of participants with a high concern about contracting COVID-19 were higher than those with moderate and low levels of anxiety. The quarantine process did not significantly affect the UCLA, STAI-1, and STAI-2 scales of participants.
Conclusion: Although quarantine was not found to affect anxiety and loneliness levels, it was observed that the basis of anxiety in highly anxious individuals was constituted by worry about themselves or loved ones contracting the disease and economic effects of the process.

Keywords: Anxiety, coronavirus disease-19, loneliness, quarantine, Turkey.

Erkut Etçioğlu, Abdülkadir Aydın, Feride Özen, Elif Köse, Muhammet Raşit Aydın, Gürkan Muratdağı, Oğuzhan Kılınçel, Şenay Kılınçel, Hasan Çetin Ekerbiçer. Anxiety and Loneliness Levels of Quarantined Citizens Who Brought from Abroad: An Example from Turkey. Erciyes Med J. 2021; 43(4): 385-392

Corresponding Author: Erkut Etçioğlu, Türkiye
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