ISSN: 2149-2247 | E-ISSN: 2149-2549
Volume : 44 Issue : 5 Year : 2022
Methods of Pain Self-Care Used by Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Türkiye [Erciyes Med J]
Erciyes Med J. 2022; 44(5): 508-511 | DOI: 10.14744/etd.2022.54889

Methods of Pain Self-Care Used by Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Türkiye

Şule Şimşek1, Feyza Altındal2, Nesrin Yağcı3
1Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Sarayköy Vocational School, Denizli, Türkiye
2Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Denizli State Hospital, Denizli, Türkiye
3School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Türkiye

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the methods of pain self-care used by patients in Türkiye with chronic musculoskeletal pain who could not access a healthcare provider during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Materials and Methods: A total of 255 participants (mean age 40.8±13.2 years) diagnosed with chronic musculoskeletal pain were included in the study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and a form created by the researchers were used to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and methods of pain management.
Results: The primary site of symptoms during the previous 12-month period was the low back, neck, and upper back re-gions (69%, 64.7%, and 60% respectively). The detailed assessment revealed that in the prior 7 days, patients experienced symptoms most often in the lower back (56.9%), upper back (45.1%), and neck (43.9%). The most frequently used methods of pain self-care were massage (71%), pain relief medication (68.2%), and topical analgesics (55.3%).
Conclusion: Patients most often reported symptoms in the spinal area, and the most used means of self-care for pain man-agement were massaging the painful area, pain medication, and topical analgesics. Self-care initiatives can be very valuable, however, at least some initial guidance from health professionals is advisable. Additional exploration of technological means of intervention and awareness of appropriate self-care could be of substantial benefit individuals and society.

Keywords: Chronic musculoskeletal pain, COVID-19, pain self-care, prevalence, self-isolation.

Şule Şimşek, Feyza Altındal, Nesrin Yağcı. Methods of Pain Self-Care Used by Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Türkiye. Erciyes Med J. 2022; 44(5): 508-511

Corresponding Author: Şule Şimşek, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
LookUs & Online Makale